Hormone Evaluation

Hormone Evaluation

Hormone Evaluation

Hormonal studies measure the levels of certain hormones produced by your body during each menstrual cycle. Hormones affect every step necessary in achieving pregnancy from stimulating the development of an egg to ovulation and implantation of a fertilized egg in the uterus. If the hormones that affect fertility are not produced in specific amounts at specific times during your cycle, your chances of conceiving a child may be greatly inhibited.

Your physician may run tests to determine the levels of the following hormones that play a role in ovulation and implantation of the egg:

• Estradiol – stimulates the growth of the follicles and the production of cervical mucus from the cervix, and prepares the uterine lining for implantation of a fertilized egg
• Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) – stimulates the development of the egg
• Luteinizing hormone (LH) – stimulates the release of the egg from the follicles
• Progesterone – stabilizes the uterine lining for implantation of a fertilized egg and supports early pregnancy
The overproduction of the following hormones can negatively affect ovulation:
• Androgens – normally small amounts of androgens (testosterone) are produced in women; excess production can interfere with development of the follicles, ovulation and cervical mucus production
• Prolactin – stimulates milk production; prolactin levels may be higher than normal in certain disorders or when certain medications are taken
• Thyroid – an underactive thyroid can result in high prolactin levels

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